Volume 10, Issue 2 (6-2020)                   IJAE 2020, 10(2): 3243-3254 | Back to browse issues page

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Manshaei V, Noroozi M J, Shaafi A. Computational Study of the Effects of Using Pilot Injection in a Heavy Duty Dual-Fuel Diesel-H2 Compression Ignition Engine. IJAE. 2020; 10 (2) :3243-3254
URL: http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijae/article-1-535-en.html
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ayatollah Boroujerdi University, P.O. Box: 69199-69411, Borujerd, Iran
Abstract:   (970 Views)
In this research, the separate and simultaneous effects of pilot-main injection dwell time, pilot fuel quantity, and hydrogen gas addition on combustion characteristics, emissions formation, and performance in a heavy-duty diesel engine were investigated. To conduct the numerical study, valid and reliable models such as KH-RT for the break-up, K-Zeta-F for turbulence, and also ECFM-3Z for combustion were used. The effects of thirty-one different strategies based on two variables such as pilot-main injection dwell time (20, 25, 30, 35, and 40 CA) and pilot fuel quantity (5, 10, and 15% of total fuel per cycle) on NDC and DHC were investigated. The obtained results showed that by decreasing pilot-main injection dwell time due to shorter combustion duration and higher MCP, MCT, and HRRPP, amounts of CO and soot emissions decreased at the expense of high NOx formation. Also, increasing pilot fuel quantity due to higher combustion temperature and less oxygen concentration for the main fuel injection event led to an increase of NOx and soot emissions simultaneously. The addition of H2 due to significant heating value has increased IP and improved ISFC at the expense of NOx emissions but considerably decreased CO and soot emissions simultaneously.
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