Volume 4, Issue 3 (9-2014)                   ISE 2014, 4(3): 792-804 | Back to browse issues page

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Kakaee A, Rahnama P, Paykani A. Numerical Study of Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) Combustion in a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine Using 3D-CFD Coupled with Chemical Kinetics. ISE. 2014; 4 (3) :792-804
URL: http://www.iust.ac.ir/ijae/article-1-277-en.html
Abstract:   (19353 Views)

In this paper, a numerical study is performed to provide the combustion and emission characteristics resulting from fuel-reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) combustion mode in a heavy-duty, single-cylinder diesel engine with gasoline and diesel fuels. In RCCI strategy in-cylinder fuel blending is used to develop fuel reactivity gradients in the combustion chamber that result in a broad combustion event and reduced pressure rise rates (PRR). RCCI has been demonstrated to yield low NOx and soot with high thermal efficiency in light and heavy-duty engines. KIVA-CHEMKIN code with a reduced primary reference fuel (PRF) mechanism are implemented to study injection timings of high reactivity fuel (i.e., diesel) and low reactivity fuel percentages (i.e., gasoline) at a constant engine speed of 1300 rpm and medium load of 9 bar indicated mean effective pressure (IMEP). Significant reduction in nitrogen oxide (NOx), while 49% gross indicated efficiency (GIE) were achieved successfully through the RCCI combustion mode. The parametric study of the RCCI combustion mode revealed that the peak cylinder pressure rise rate (PPRR) of the RCCI combustion mode could be controlled by several physical parameters – PRF number, and start of injection (SOI) timing of directly injected fuel.

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