Volume 7, Issue 4 (12-2017)                   IJAE 2017, 7(4): 2515-2536 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (781 Views)
Car design incorporates many engineering sciences where today, have led to the use of advanced technologies in automobiles to provide more satisfaction and comfort for the passengers, increase the quality of vehicles, efficiency and more pleasure than previous cars. These issues can be categorized into two groups in general. In the first group, the effects and performance of components involved in vehicle vibrations are considered, and in the second group, attention is paid to the importance of joints and junctions of these components. Heretofore, in order to minimize vehicle NVH (noise, vibration and harshness), an exuberance of efforts have been done to raise the passengers comfort. In the meantime, it should be noted that the engine mounts play a considerable and serious role in reducing vibration exchanged between the engine and chassis. In designing the engine mounts, the most important concern is to balance the two opposite criteria that come into the car as a result of different vibration inputs (road and motor). Generally, vehicle engine mounts are used by three types of targets (motor bearing weight, motor vibration absorption, motor overloading, acceleration or braking). With the development of the automotive industry, the tendency towards the use of more efficient engine mount categories, has been prepared.
This article describes a concise functional overview of the engine mount in automobiles; it illustrates operating frequency range, relationship of the P and boundary diagram of engine mounts with other car collections, torque roll axis, positioning public types of the car’s engine mounts; and it also compares their operations. Afterwards, the structure and the basic functional of hydraulic engine mount are described as the most common engine mount categories. Finally, advantages and disadvantages of various types engine mounts with capability of use in the vehicle (including elastomeric, hydraulic (with inertia track or/and decouplier or/and bell plate (plunger), semi-active (switchable) and active hydraulic engine mount) are compared with each other.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/12/20 | Accepted: 2017/12/20 | Published: 2017/12/20